Unconscious determinants of free decisions (2008)

Unconscious determinants of free decisions in the human brain
Nature Neuroscience 11, 543 – 545 (2008)
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/v11/n5/full/nn.2112.html
Chun Siong Soon, … John-Dylan Haynes

There has been a long controversy as to whether subjectively ‘free’ decisions are determined by brain activity ahead of time.
We found that the outcome of a decision can be encoded in brain activity of prefrontal and parietal cortex up to 10 s before it enters awareness.
This delay presumably reflects the operation of a network of high-level control areas that begin to prepare an upcoming decision long before it enters awareness.

cited by:
Introduction to Neuroeconomics: how the brain makes decisions
Coursera. July 2014
https://www.coursera.org/course/neuroec

cf:
Wilheml Wundt
structuralist
structuralism
introspection
{Understanding Psychology © 2014. p. 8}

related:
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2014/08/18/time-flew-we-must-have-been-having-fun