ECT: over a hundred theories

Over a hundred theories have been offered to account for the efficacy of ECT (Electroconvulsive Therapy)

Electroconvulsive Therapy
American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. ©2000
www.acnp.org/G4/GN401000108/CH106.html

Cognition in Major Depressive Disorder (Feb. 2014)

What’s New in Cognition in Major Depressive Disorder: Latest Clinical Findings
Guy M. Goodwin, FMedSci; Roger S. McIntyre, MD
CME Released: 02/07/2014
http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/819551

Potential Additive Approaches Used in Depression:

  • Psychostimulants (eg, methylphenidate and lisdexamfetamine) [a-c]
  • Immune-inflammatory-based therapies and metabolic interventions [b]
  • Manual-based psychotherapies (eg, cognitive behavioral therapy) [b]
  • Neurostimulation strategies, electroconvulsive therapy, and repetitive transcraneal magnetic stimulation [d, e]

a. Lavretsky H, et al. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2013;38(Suppl 2):S90
b. McIntyre RS, et al. J Affect Disord. 2013 Nov 15.
c. Trivedi MH, et al. J Clin Psychiatry. 2013;74(8):802-809.
d. Schulze-Rauschenbach SC, et al. Br J Psychiatry. 2005;186:410-416.
e. Rasmussen KG. J ECT. 2011;27(1):51-54.