Seizures can impair memory and thinking

With Epilepsy Treatment, The Goal Is To Keep Kids Seizure-Free
June 10, 2013
http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2013/06/10/188639089/with-epilepsy-treatment-the-goal-is-to-keep-kids-seizure-free

frequent or prolonged seizures can eventually cause problems with memory and thinking.

seizures “can actually change the way language centers in the brain develop.”

low-carbohydrate diets, including the high-fat ketogenic diet

Then there are new implanted devices that send electrical signals to the vagus nerve

to provide parents and other caregivers with an emergency kit that lets them administer a fast-acting drug to stop a seizure.

“Epilepsy surgery is underutilized in this country,”

For about 30 percent of children with epilepsy, none of the existing treatments is adequate.

transplanting a type of cell that reduces excessive electrical activity in the brain. “Stem Cell therapy may be one way that we can very specifically target the region of the brain that is overexcited and quiet that area of the brain.”

Another experimental approach involves devices that monitor the brain for abnormal activity.
Some are able to predict when the brain activity is headed toward a seizure, Fureman says, “and actually deliver stimulation that shuts down that seizure activity.”

For Pianist, Music Unleashes Rainbows of Color

For Pianist, Music Unleashes Rainbows of Color
April 18, 2005
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4602748

When pianist Laura Rosser performs, she hears more than sounds.
She hears colors — each note has its own associated hue.
Rosser has a rare neurological condition called synesthesia. Stimulation of one sense produces the sensation of another.

Each synesthete has a unique system of associations.
That means the periwinkle that Rosser associates with D-flat might be purple for another synesthete*.
Other synesthetes associate colors with letters and numbers. Rosser has this type of synesthesia as well.

5:34 individuals with synesthesia: their perceptual worlds have actually expanded.

*that forces you to recognize that the perceptual world that we experience is a perceptual world that is created by our brains.