healthy children who take too much Ritalin can exhibit “extreme perseverance”— for example, being unable to pause a video game when it’s time for dinner, persisting with one topic of conversation without being able to switch gears, or feeling emotions such as anger for a longer time than a situation warrants.
Smart drugs: A dose of intelligence.
Nature. 2016 Mar 3;531(7592):S2-3.
Adderall (amphetamine) and Ritalin (methylphenidate) — treatments for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
modafinil, which is a medication for sleep disorders such as narcolepsy.
it is not clear whether the same medications can push a neurologically healthy, well-rested individual onto a higher cognitive plane.
“By far the most commonly used neurocognitive enhancers are nicotine and caffeine,” says Peter Morgan, a psychiatrist at Yale University School of Medicine in New Haven, Connecticut.
many cognitive tests had been designed to assess impairment, not enhancement. For example, people with a brain injury or dementia may struggle with a clock-drawing test, but someone with normal cognition will usually get it right — leaving no room for smart drugs to assist.
regular use of coffee and cigarettes causes consumers’ brains to adapt so that they need the stimulant just to function at their normal cognitive level.
ethical questions. One such concern revolves around social equality. Not everyone has equal access to smart drugs,…
they stick to coffee, tea or energy drinks. Morgan, for his part, suggested that the same cognitive benefits can be achieved by simply taking a refreshing nap.
Can You Make Yourself Smarter?
The RSA, 2014
What Does It Take To Get A Drug Banned For Enhancing Athletes’ Performance?
June 14, 2016
Maria Sharapova appealed a two-year suspension for taking the banned drug meldonium.
Allyl isothiocyanate is the organosulfur compound with the formula CH2CHCH2NCS. It is responsible for the pungent taste of mustard, radish, horseradish, and wasabi. This pungency and the lachrymatory effect of AITC is mediated through the TRPA1 and TRPV1 ion channels.
It is slightly soluble in water, but more soluble in most organic solvents.
Based on in vitro experiments and animal models, allyl isothiocyanate exhibits many desirable attributes of a cancer chemopreventive agent.
The carrier protein from protein–polysaccharide conjugate vaccines is processed by the polysaccharide-specific B cell …
Biobrane, a membrane carrier made of a silicone membrane with an integrated woven nylon mesh.
When Weed Is The Cure: A Doctor’s Case for Medical Marijuana
July 14, 2015
Dr. David Casarett, is the director of hospice and palliative care at the University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine.
I found it though, at least for me, at the cost of most of the most common side effects of acute use of medical marijuana — confusion, hallucinations. I think — mostly because the dose I gave myself, being relatively unfamiliar with marijuana and very unfamiliar with the strength of what I managed to obtain — [I] was really blindsided by some of the acute side effects like confusion and hallucinations, which I honestly should have expected, but didn’t. …
[I heard] air traffic controllers vectoring flights into and out of the Phoenix airport — those voices were coming from my living room, where there really weren’t any air traffic controllers.
CASARETT: The acute cognitive side effects, meaning what we all experience in the first two to six hours after being exposed to medical marijuana, are fairly well-described.
They tend to be fairly short-term. They tend to be predictable.
As long as you know what the dose is that you’re getting.
I think what makes me a little bit nervous, and something that we don’t quite understand from the research that’s been done yet, but there’s been enough research done to make many of us worry that long-term cognitive effects for somebody who smokes half a joint a day for 10, 20, 30 years, there have been several studies now that have found some combination of a decrease in neuropsychological function, often decreases or changes in thinking and memory, also changes in brain structure, decreases in the volume of certain areas of the brain, like the cortex or the amygdala, that are associated with thinking and memory.
First biosimilar drug set to enter US market
But such cheaper, generic versions of biological drugs face scientific, regulatory and patent hurdles.
13 January 2015
On 7 January, an FDA advisory panel decided unanimously that a drug made by Sandoz, the generics arm of Swiss pharmaceutical giant Novartis, should be accepted as a replacement for filgrastim (Neupogen), an immune-boosting drug for people undergoing cancer treatment made by Amgen of Thousand Oaks, California.