1 million years into the future

EPA Expected to Issue Million-Year-Long Regulation
November 24, 2006

In the coming weeks, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is expected to issue a regulation that will extend 1 million years into the future.

The timescale of the regulation, which deals with the disposal of power plant nuclear waste, is unprecedented territory for the EPA.


Beachgoers Caught In Surprise Hailstorm

Russian Beachgoers Caught In Surprise Hailstorm
July 13, 2014

Bathers at a beach in No vosibirsk, central Russia, went from a stifling 105F to 71F in a matter of seconds as a cold front swept over them, dropping what is described as golf-ball sized hail.

The freak storm was captured on video.

Which Came First – The Rain or the Rainforest?

Which Came First – The Rain or the Rainforest?
MinuteEarth. Oct 19, 2013

Boyce, C.K. et al. 2010. Angiosperms Helped Put the Rain in the Rainforests: The Impact of Plant Physiological Evolution on Tropical Biodiversity. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3417…

Boyce, C.K. and Lee, J.-E. 2010. An exceptional role for flowering plant physiology in the expansion of tropical rainforests and biodiversity. http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.or…

Lee, J.‐E., and Boyce, C.K. 2010. Impact of the hydraulic capacity of plants on water and carbon fluxes in tropical South America. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10…

Lewis, S.L. et al. 2011. The 2010 Amazon Drought. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/331…

Malhi, Y. et al. 2008. Climate Change, Deforestation, and the Fate of the Amazon. http://www.sciencemag.org/content/319…

Marengo, J.A. et al. 2008. The Drought of Amazonia in 2005. http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/1…

Nepstad, D. et al. 1999. Large-scale impoverishment of Amazonian forests by logging and fire. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/…

Nepstad, D. et al. 2001. Road paving, fire regime feedbacks, and the future of Amazon forests. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/…

Nickl, et al. 2010. Changes in Annual Land-Surface Precipitation Over the Twentieth and Early Twenty-First Century. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10…

Which came first – the chicken or the egg?


Immovable Object vs. Unstoppable Force – Which Wins?

Weather modification: cloud-seeding

A ground-based cloud-seeding tower at Alpine Meadows ski area near California’s Lake Tahoe. It spits out silver iodide particles that are the right size and shape to help precipitation form.

It’s Not Magic On The Mountain, It’s A Rain-Making Machine
January 09, 2014

The snowpack in the Mountain West this year is at just a small fraction of its normal level. In fact, 2013 was the driest year ever recorded in many parts of California, and there’s little relief in sight. But water managers are trying to squeeze every last raindrop out of Mother Nature with a technology developed in the state more than 50 years ago: cloud seeding.

Tilley runs the cloud-seeding program at the Desert Research Institute in Reno, Nev. Weather modification, as it’s called, is about making rain, not making clouds.

Most skiers don’t notice the green metal bunker with a chimney on top. This isn’t a snow-making machine like the ones ski resorts are relying on this winter. It’s designed to improve the water supply in the area by releasing tiny particles of silver iodide.
These are the seeds in cloud seeding, rising thousands of feet up into the air.

HSDB: Silver iodide