Emergence (process)

Emergence
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence
[philosophy, systems theory, science, and art] a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves do not exhibit such properties

“emergence” would have clarified–even made redundant–the discussion:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2015/01/16/377631652/making-a-brain-map-that-we-can-use

Emergence and Complexity
Stanford. May 21, 2010
Robert Sapolsky
cellular automaton

butterfly effects

gradients of information
gradients of attraction and repulsion
gradients provide a lot of the optimization in the systems
neighbor-to-neighbor interactions
generalists work better in these systems than specialists
bottom-up systems
attractors and chaos

more:
http://www.npr.org/sections/pictureshow/2010/01/crayons_and_choice_a_headache.html

Emergence Into The Adjacent Possible
January 2, 2010
http://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2010/01/emergence_into_the_adjacent_po_2.html

Time ‘Emerges’ from Entanglement

Time ‘Emerges’ from Entanglement
Quantum Experiment Shows How Time ‘Emerges’ from Entanglement
October 23, 2013
https://medium.com/the-physics-arxiv-blog/d5d3dc850933

Time is an emergent phenomenon that is a side effect of quantum entanglement, say physicists. And they have the first experimental results to prove it