A species is considered semelparous if it is characterized by a single reproductive episode before death.

A classic example of a semelparous organism is Pacific salmon (Oncorhynchus spp.), which lives for many years in the ocean before swimming to the freshwater stream of its birth, spawning, and dying. Other semelparous animals include many insects, including some species of butterflies, cicadas, and mayflies, many arachnids, and some molluscs such as some species of squid and octopus.

CV health and cognitive aging

Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Cognitive Aging in the Northern Manhattan Study
J Am Heart Assoc. 2016
Hannah Gardener, ScD, et al.

Conclusions: The number of ideal CVH metrics was associated with less decline in the domains of Processing Speed and, to a lesser extent, of Executive Function and Episodic Memory.
Ideal CVH promotion benefits brain health and cognitive aging.

journalistic version:

Executive functions program


Your ability to reconstruct the whole …

NR2Enhancing the plasticity of the brain
Dr. Max Cynader

brain plasticity: after 20 pounds your biomechanics are different yet you still have to walk gracefully

MEMORY: your ability to reconstruct the whole from a degraded fragment



receptor, receptors