Oh, that wasn’t the right choice either

For Kids, Anxiety About School Can Feel Like ‘Being Chased By A Lion’
September 13, 2016
http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2016/09/13/478834629/for-kids-anxiety-about-school-can-feel-like-being-chased-by-a-lion

Jared’s been through a lot. He was diagnosed with severe anxiety and has been through therapy, hospitalizations and different medications.

“At the end of the day when you think back to all those choices you didn’t make and that you decided to stay home you realize, ‘Oh, that wasn’t the right choice either.’ “

Preventing adolescent alcohol use

Preventing Alcohol Use with a Voluntary After School Program for Middle School Students: Results from a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial of Project CHOICE
Prev Sci. 2012 Aug; 13(4): 415–425.
Elizabeth J. D’Amico, et al.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3353018

journalistic version:
http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2015/11/12/455654938/to-prevent-addiction-in-adults-help-teens-learn-how-to-cope

APA: Violent Video Games Are Linked to Aggression

Violent Video Games Are Linked to Aggression, Study Says
Time, Aug 17, 2015
http://time.com/4000220/violent-video-games
http://www.apa.org/news/press/releases/2015/08/technical-violent-games.pdf

Violent video games are linked to more aggressive behaviors among players, according to a new review of research.

The debate over whether violent video games are linked to violent behavior has long been contentious. Some argue there is little evidence connecting the two, while others say that lots of exposure over time causes young people to react more aggressively compared to kids who do not play video games. Now the American Psychological Association (APA) has joined the debate, arguing in a research review that playing violent games is linked to aggression

Factores protectores para niños en emergencias cotidianas

necesidades_de_los_menoresFactores protectores en emergencias cotidianas en niños

Se le debe dar la opción de que sea él quien escoja, no apartarlo porque pensemos que son pequeños, que no se enterarán, que no les va a hacer ningún bien.
Bueno, dejemos que él pueda decidir, esta persona, este niño va a crecer y esa muerte la va a llevar consigo toda la vida. Aunque ahora lo apartemos, llegará un momento que se preguntará por qué no se pudo despedir.

from:
Primeros Auxilios Psicológicos
Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona.
https://www.coursera.org/course/pap

Methylphenidate’s long-term effects

Animal model of methylphenidate’s long-term memory-enhancing effects
Learn. Mem. January 16, 2014 21: 82-89
http://learnmem.cshlp.org/cgi/content/abstract/21/2/82

Cognitive and emotional behavioural changes associated with methylphenidate treatment: a review of preclinical studies
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol February 1, 2012 15: 41-53
http://ijnp.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/15/1/41

Executive Impairment Determines ADHD Medication Response: Implications for Academic Achievement
J Learn Disabil March 1, 2011 44: 196-212
http://ldx.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/44/2/196

http://learnmem.cshlp.org/content/15/8/580.full.html

Insecure Attachment States of Mind

The Relation of Insecure Attachment States of Mind and Romantic Attachment Styles to Adolescent Aggression in Romantic Relationships
Attach Hum Dev. Sep 2010; 12(5): 463–481.
Erin M. Miga, Amanda Hare, Joseph P. Allen, and Nell Manning
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2928157

The attachment dimensions used for the purposes of the current study include Insecure-Dismissing and Insecure-Preoccupied states of mind. Insecure-dismissing states of mind reflect the inability or unwillingness to recount attachment experiences, paucity of emotional content surrounding discourse, idealization of attachment figures that contradicts specific, reported experiences, and lack of evidence of valuing attachment.
Insecure- preoccupied states of mind reflect rambling, extensive but unfocused discourse about attachment experiences, and/or angry preoccupation with attachment figures.

A preoccupied state of mind at age 14 was found predictive of verbally aggressive behavior toward romantic partners at age 18.
This finding is consistent with the notion that attachment insecurity can be characterized in part as an unsuccessful attempt to adaptively regulate one’s emotions (Allen & Manning, 2007), particularly in an emotionally evocative situation, such as during conflict.
Similarly, the attachment interview can be emotionally challenging for individuals, and attachment preoccupation as captured in the AAI is characterized by adolescents’ undercontrolled, wandering, often angry discourse when describing their childhood experiences with their caregivers.
The preoccupied state of mind is thought to activate conflicting thoughts and feelings regarding a history of unpredictable relationships and may lead to anger and hostility when distress is encountered in an intimate relationship (Simpson et al, 1996).
As a result, adolescents may engage in verbally aggressive tactics, such as manipulation, name-calling, and guilt induction, due to a diminished ability to successfully regulate anger responses during conflict.
One additional possibility is that preoccupied individuals may be verbally aggressive in a conscious (or unconscious) attempt to emotionally engage their partner, so as to assure themselves that their partner remains emotionally invested in the relationship.