There needs to be the choice that one wants to stop

Addiction: When You Fear It’s Just A Matter Of Time
November 1, 2011
http://www.npr.org/2011/11/01/141908779/addiction-when-you-fear-its-just-a-matter-of-time

Dr. Schneekloth: You know, well, ultimately there needs to be the choice that one wants to stop. But that’s often when the pressure increases to a point that there seem no alternatives.

…, but ultimately the decision needs to be made by the one with the addiction: Are they going to stop?

Now, some people can stop on their own. As a matter of fact, the majority of alcoholics stop, never receive addiction treatment, go on to do well. There are different types, though, and some have more severe forms of addiction and need multiple treatments.

… there are repeated exacerbations of the illness, that it comes back. And in the same way with addiction, relapse is often a part of it. Now, families can feel like that’s somehow a failure, but often one treatment builds on another and eventually leads, like Nicolas’ story, to ongoing recovery.

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The Real Wealth is Health

Hooked, Hacked, Hijacked: Reclaim Your Brain from Addictive Living
Dr. Pam Peeke at TEDxWallStreet
http://tedxwallstreet.com
Nov 26, 2013

Dr. Pamela Peeke is an internationally renowned physician, scientist and exper t in the fields of nutrition, metabolism, stress and fitness. Triathlete and marathoner, Dr. Peeke is nationally known as the “doc who walks the talk” inspiring through example. Dr. Peeke is the lifestyle exper t for WebMD’s 90 million members, and a regular blogger on cutting edge science in health and wellness. Presently, Dr. Peeke is Senior Science Advisor to Elements Behavioral Health, the nation’s most preeminent network of eating disorders and addiction centers. Her current research focuses on how addictive behaviors have subtly and often profoundly penetrated daily lifestyle habits.

related:

https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2017/04/30/no-one-will-truly-invest-in

Dopamine Receptor Agonist Drugs and Impulse Control Disorders

Dopamine Receptor Agonist Drugs and Impulse Control Disorders
JAMA Intern Med. October 20, 2014
http://archinte.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=1916907

The discovery of striatal dopamine deficiency and the introduction of levodopa in the 1960s as treatment for the motor symptoms of Parkinson disease revolutionized neurology and neurotherapeutics.
For the first time, patients with an apparently hopeless chronic degenerative brain disorder were able to regain function and return to the mainstream of life.
Levodopa was subsequently combined with carbidopa, as the latter prevented the adverse effects associated with peripheral dopamine synthesis without blocking central dopamine synthesis.

journalistic version:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/health/2014/10/20/357586341/parkinsons-drugs-can-be-a-gateway-to-sin

How Do We Predict the Future …

How Do We Predict the Future: Brains Rewards and Addiction  
Terry Sejnowski
The Salk Institute
Series: “Grey Matters” [6/2005]
University of California Television (UCTV)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlPgPlcXPq8

how by its nature the human brain is susceptible to the effects of addictive substances.

cited by:
Learning How to Learn
by University of California, San Diego
on Coursera.

Why Adults Need Playtime

Play Doesn’t End With Childhood: Why Adults Need Recess Too
by Sami Yenigun
August 06, 2014
http://www.npr.org/blogs/ed/2014/08/06/336360521/play-doesnt-end-with-childhood-why-adults-need-recess-too

More and more research suggests that healthy playtime leads to healthy adulthood.

Childhood play is essential for brain development.
As we’ve reported this week, time on the playground may be more important than time in the classroom.
http://www.npr.org/blogs/ed

But playtime doesn’t end when we grow up. Adults need recess too.

The question is, why? To answer this question, Dr. Stuart Brown says we need to clearly define what play is. He’s head of a nonprofit called the National Institute for Play.
http://www.nifplay.org

“Play is something done for its own sake,” he explains. “It’s voluntary, it’s pleasurable, it offers a sense of engagement, it takes you out of time. And the act itself is more important than the outcome.”

So, let’s take gambling, for instance. A poker player who’s enjoying a competitive card game? That’s play, says Brown. A gambling addict whose only goal is to hit the jackpot? Not play.

Brown says that children have a lot to learn from what he calls this “state of being,” including empathy, how to communicate with others, and how to roll with the punches.

“Those kinds of resilient learning processes [are] different than what occurs in adult play,” he says. “But the harmonics of this occur in adulthood as well.”

DSM-5: Substance Use Disorders in a Single Continuum

DSM-5 Now Categorizes Substance Use Disorders in a Single Continuum
Rogers Memorial Hospital. Feb. 24, 2014
http://rogershospital.org/blog/dsm-5-now-categorizes-substance-use-disorders-single-continuum
the new edition has removed the terms “abuse” and “dependence” and has included the term “addiction” for the first time.

DSM-5: Substance Use Disorders
August 16, 2013
Linda Lewaniak, L.C.S.W., CAADC
Clinical Director of Addiction Medicine
Alexian Brothers Behavioral Health Hospital
http://www.nieapa.org/documents/dsm_v_and_substance_abuse.pdf

Highlights of Changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5
American Psychiatric Association. June 6, 2013
http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/changes%20from%20dsm-iv-tr%20to%20dsm-5.pdf

Substance Related and Addictive Disorders
American Psychiatric Association. May 15, 2013
http://www.dsm5.org/Documents/Substance%20Use%20Disorder%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
Addictive Disorders > The chapter also includes gambling disorder as the sole condition in a new category on behavioral addictions.

A Guide to DSM-5: Substance Use Disorder
Bret S. Stetka, MD, Christoph U. Correll, MD
May 21, 2013
http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/803884_11
{“addictions and related disorders” is not the wording used in the final DSM-5 version}