Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius: How to Think Clearly
The Art of Improvement
Jan 21, 2018
initially published as an article on by Zat Rana:
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Stoicism: the notion that behaviors, not thoughts or words, should define virtue.


He very much saw the world as it was rather than as he hoped it would be.

sometimes, attention isn’t fully deployed to certain areas of importance unless we’re active in directing it there.

Michael Kane is a cognitive psychologist at The University of North Carolina who studies the interaction between memory and attention. … people were thinking about something entirely different to what they were doing about 30% of the time.

Dr. James W. Pennebaker … writing therapy and a professor of Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin.

for more on thinking with external representations:


Stoicism (TED-Ed 2017)

The philosophy of Stoicism – Massimo Pigliucci
Jun 19, 2017

What is the best life we can live? How can we cope with whatever the universe throws at us and keep thriving nonetheless? The ancient Greco-Roman philosophy of Stoicism explains that while we may not always have control over the events affecting us, we can have control over how we approach things. Massimo Pigliucci describes the philosophy of Stoicism.