Singular nouns that end in s

Singular nouns that end in s








Morphologically related forms

The … model would predict that morphologically related forms would prime each other, as the base form has already been accessed recently and would not have to be “fired up again from cold”.

Experiments … show that regular morphological variants do prime each other, to a slightly lower degree than do same words (e.g. poured ~ pour as opposed to pour ~ pour). However, irregular forms such as shake ~ shook or worse ~ bad, show no or only partial priming. The conclusions regarding derivationally related word forms, and semantically related but phonologically distinct word forms are somewhat unclear. It appears that a certain amount of priming does occur in these cases, suggesting a semantic link in the lexicon between certain words, but as it is not as strong as phonologically regular inflectionally related forms, it suggests there is no shared base form.

However, Stanners et al (1979) argue that the differences between inflectional and derivational morphology nearly always involves some degree of irregularity: either phonological (e.g. divide ~ division) or restricted distribution (e.g. -ive is only attachable to a sub-set of verbs), or functional/semantic (e.g. form ~ formal), or combinations of these factors.

Mutation in Welsh
By Martin J. Ball, et al.
Routledge, Jun 1, 2002


lexically related forms


morphologically related forms
The Routledge Handbook of Historical Linguistics
Routledge, Mar 24, 2015


morphological variants of each other (walking, walk)

Language, Cognition, and the Brain: Insights From Sign Language Research
By Karen Emmorey
Psychology Press, Nov 1, 2001


Of the morphologically related forms, … were inflectional or derivational forms, and … were compounds. … morphological (inflectional and derivational) continuation forms
Current Issues in Morphological Processing
By Ram Frost, et al.
Psychology Press, 2005


Morpho-semantics studies how morphemes combine to produce new meanings.
p. 78

[morphologically] related forms:
hardness, harden, hardship, hardy
p. 78
p. 89
Linguistics for Dummies
Strang Burton, PhD


Morphosemantics: Course Plan
Emmon Bach 2008

the number of “ideas” or “concepts” that can be expressed in a single word (Sapir 1921).

conceptual complexity

What counts as a word?

items that are larger than words


Morphosemantics, constructions, algorithmic typology and parallel texts
September 20, 2012!/menu/standard/file/Morphosemantics-Waelchli-2012-9.pdf



Morphological derivation

Morphological derivation

a concept used by:
Introduction to Natural Language Processing
University of Michigan
Coursera, October 5 – December 27, 2015


What is derivation?

Derivative adjective
[content is incomplete, as can be seen in the morphological derivation “eponym” -> “eponymous”

The derivative adjective is eponymous



Trypanocidal Agents

of, relating to, characterized by, or being myoclonus
<myoclonic seizures>