Ninth Edition ©2014
David G Myers
CHAPTER 9 : THINKING AND LANGUAGE > Language Development
How many words did you learn during the years between your first birthday and your high school graduation?
The answer is about 60,000 (Bloom, 2000; McMurray, 2007).
That averages (after age 1) to nearly 3500 words each year, or nearly 10 each day!
Bloom, P. (2000). How children learn the meanings of words.
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
McMurray, B. (2007). Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosion. Science,
Children can learn 860 words per year (That’s 2 words a day!)
eBook of Vocabulary Teaching and Learning Research
A Focus On Vocabulary:
Effective Instructional Strategies Series
Teaching Vocabulary Explicitly
By Susan Hanson and Jennifer F.M. Padua
Pacific Resources for Education and Learning
© PREL 2011
Dec 17, 2010
How to learn vocabulary
5 Tips for Helping Students to Really Learn Vocabulary
Why Teach Vocabulary?
By year 1, children are capable of understaing up to approx 20000 words
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development
6 yrs 15,000 words
As many as 8 new words per day
The Guardian, 12 August 1986, cited in David Crystal, The English Language, 2002, p46
Big science has a buzzword problem
Moonshots, road maps, frameworks and more are proliferating, but few can agree on what these names even mean.
25 January 2017
How to Speak Pig Latin
by Lin Alvarez
a language game mentioned by:
Introduction to Natural Language Processing
University of Michigan
Coursera, October 5 – December 27, 2015
No-Kill Shelters Save Millions Of Unwanted Pets — But Not All Of Them
December 31, 2014
shelters are allowed to euthanize a percentage of their animals and still keep the no-kill designation.
Paws 4 You, like most pet rescue groups, operates a no-kill shelter. But the term means different things to different people.
shelters can euthanize up to 10 percent of their animals for reasons of health and temperament, and still be considered “no-kill.”
Have you left off beating your wife?
February 20, 2013
the ‘fallacy of many questions’
R. G. Collingwood. An Essay on Metaphysics, p. 38
Have you stopped beating your wife?
a verbal trap
When Zero Doesn’t Mean Zero: Trans Fats Linger In Food
August 28, 2014
back in November 2013, the Food and Drug Administration announced it was intending to ban partially hydrogenated vegetable oils from all food products. The proposed ban seemed prudent, since eating foods with trans fats has been linked to heart disease, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that an FDA ban could prevent an additional 7,000 deaths from heart disease each year and as many as 20,000 heart attacks in that period.
But the FDA has yet to issue a final rule requiring food companies to eliminate trans fats entirely.
While many food companies have found affordable alternatives to partially hydrogenated oil, 1 in 10 packaged foods still contain it, according to researchers at the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene.
“A lot people think it’s out of the food supply, but it’s still in a lot of places,”