Body Hacking

‘Body Hacking’ Movement Rises Ahead Of Moral Answers
March 10, 2016
http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2016/03/10/468556420/body-hacking-movement-rises-ahead-of-moral-answers

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The i-limb ultra prosthetic hand really looks cyborg

The i-limb ultra prosthetic hand

The i-limb ultra prosthetic hand really looks cyborg
Jun 14, 2013
http://www.thisamericanlife.org/radio-archives/episode/497/this-week

Peter Lee had his arm amputated because of cancer three years ago.
This week, he got a new, top-of-the-line prosthetic arm.
During his final fitting, he talks to Rio Bennin, who also has a prosthetic arm — but Rio’s is an older model, not as nearly as fancy as Peter’s. (3 1/2 minutes)

… an I-Limb Ultra. A top of the line prosthetic, it uses sensors on his biceps and triceps to tell the new artificial hand how to move. It’s really, actually, very cool.

robotic hand

The i-limb ultra prosthetic hand
http://www.touchbionics.com/products/active-prostheses/i-limb-ultra

Thought-powered bionic arm ‘like something from space’

Thought-powered bionic arm ‘like something from space’
May 2, 2013
http://www.cnn.com/2013/05/02/tech/innovation/bionic-robotic-arm-limb-amputee/index.html

Johnny Matheney lost his left arm to cancer in 2008

Feat uring 100 sensors, 26 joints, 17 motors and a tiny computer built into the palm of the robotic hand, the revolutionary Modular Prosthetic Limb (MPL) is the work of researchers at Johns Hopkins University in Maryland.

Weighing four kilograms — much like a normal arm — it can mimic almost all the same movements. “This is the most sophisticated arm in the world,” said Michael McLoughlin, of the university’s Applied Physics Laboratory.

High-performance neuroprosthetic control by an individual with tetraplegia

High-performance neuroprosthetic control by an individual with tetraplegia
The Lancet, Volume 381, Issue 9866, Pages 557 – 564, 16 February 2013
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(12)61816-9/fulltext

public media version:
http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/story/2012/12/14/robotic-arm-thought-controlled-pittsburgh.html

Paralyzed Woman Controls Robotic Arm With Her Thoughts
17 December 2012
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/12/video-paralyzed-woman-controls-r.html

woman paralyzed from the neck down by a genetic neurodegenerative condition

Surgeons had implanted two 4×4-millimeter grids of hair-thin electrodes in her brain to capture signals from regions involved in planning hand and arm movements.

Earlier this year, another research team reported that two tetraplegic patients had learned to grasp and manipulate objects using a brain-machine interface (BMI), as these sophisticated prosthetics are often called. This new study improves on that work by demonstrating even more fluid and natural movements—the best yet performed by a paralyzed human patient using a BMI.

High-performance neuroprosthetic control

high-performance prosthetic limb

Brain—machine-interface training

an anthropomorphic prosthetic limb with seven degrees of freedom (three-dimensional translation, three-dimensional orientation, one-dimensional grasping).

Department of Bioengineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Pittsburgh

Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Pittsburgh

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http://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2016/04/02/472570478/fashionable-prostheses-trade-realistic-color-for-personal-pizazz

Device Offers Partial Vision for the Blind

Device Offers Partial Vision for the Blind
February 14, 2013
http://www.nytimes.com/2013/02/15/health/fda-approves-technology-to-give-limited-vision-to-blind-people.html

a technology called the artificial retina.

The device allows people with a certain type of blindness to detect crosswalks on the street, the presence of people or cars, and sometimes even large numbers or letters. The approval of the system marks a milestone in a new frontier in vision research, a field in which scientists are making strides with gene therapy, optogenetics, stem cells and other strategies.

The artificial retina is a sheet of electrodes implanted in the eye. The patient is also given glasses with an attached camera and a portable video processor. This system, called Argus II, allows visual signals to bypass the damaged portion of the retina and be transmitted to the brain.

The F.D.A. approved Argus II, made by Second Sight Medical Products, to treat people with severe retinitis pigmentosa, in which photoreceptor cells, which take in light, deteriorate.

The eyeglass camera captures images, which the video processor translates into pixelized patterns of light and dark, and transmits them to the electrodes. The electrodes then send them to the brain.