The growing global battle against blood-sucking ticks
Scientists have no shortage of ideas about how to stop tick-borne illnesses. What is holding them back?
Melinda Wenner Moyer
25 August 2015
Ticks then thrive on the rodents, which are poor groomers.
Studies suggest that larval ticks have a 50% chance of surviving when they feed on mice, but only a 3.5% chance on opossums.
Two Dead From Raw Milk Cheese Contaminated With Listeria
Mar 9 2017
by Maggie Fox
Unpasteurized milk is an important vehicle for transmission of pathogens, which include Brucella species, Mycobacterium bovis, Salmonella species, Listeria monocytogenes, Campylobacter species, Yersinia species, Coxiella burnetii, and Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli.
[ProMED Digest, Vol 57, Issue 26]
Mosquitoes. What Are They Good For?
February 19, 2016
they’re food for fish and other insect predators and birds. They pollinate plants.
Correction: Only the female has the need for the iron from our blood for her offspring.
the biting midge, a tiny bloodsucker that can spread diseases to animals and filarial worms to humans.
Dina Fonseca, a professor of entomology at Rutgers University, is that the biting midge is the only known pollinator of cacao.
Ecology: A world without mosquitoes
Nature 466, 432-434 (2010)
Eradicating any organism would have serious consequences for ecosystems — wouldn’t it? Not when it comes to mosquitoes, finds Janet Fang.
Fighting the ‘Cockroach of Mosquitoes’
The Zika-carrying Aedes aegypti species bites by day and hides indoors by night, making it hard to eliminate
By Betsy McKay et al.
Feb. 11, 2016
Experts working to halt the spread of the Zika, dengue and chikungunya viruses face a stubborn foe in the main mosquito that transmits them, and some of the many methods under consideration for fighting them are stirring controversy.
The Aedes aegypti mosquito primarily responsible for spreading these diseases has been called “the cockroach of mosquitoes.” It thrives around people, particularly in the densely packed neighborhoods that are common in the tropics. It bites during the day and hides at night in dark corners,…
from the “Bad Bug Book,” Center for Safety
and Applied Nutrition, US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) at
There are 2 points to be emphasized:
- that vibrios are normal flora in warm saltwater (not indicative of any sewage contamination) and that
- most of the life-threatening illnesses occur in individuals with
underlying medical illnesses, including immunocompromised states, chronic liver disease, and diabetes. So-called normal individuals often just get gastroenteritis. The range of disease due to V. vulnificus can involve more northern geographical areas if the area is affected by a substantial heat wave.
The genomic code: inferring Vibrionaceae niche specialization
Nature Reviews Microbiology 4, 697-704 (September 2006)