Phenomena (e.g., a sunburn, vision loss) are specific examples of something in the world that is happening—an event or a specific example of a general process.
Phenomena are NOT the explanations or scientific terminology behind what is happening. They are what can be experienced or documented.
NGSS EQuIP Rubric: 3-Dimensional Learning
4 cups of water
1/2 cup dishwashing soap
Biological Science, 6th Edition
Scott Freeman, University of Washington
Kim Quillin, Salisbury University
Science education: Spare me the lecture
Nature 425, 234-236 (18 September 2003)
Evidence of this failure is provided by assessments such as the Force Concept Inventory (FCI), a multiple-choice test designed to examine students’ understanding of Newton’s laws of mechanics.
Peer Instruction: Ten Years of Experience and Results.
Catherine H. Crouch and Eric Mazur.
Am. J. Phys., 69, 970-977 (2001).
sets of qualitative exam questions that rely on understanding a concept rather than simply using physical formulae. His methods have been adopted by physics teachers around the United States and have also been adapted for chemistry, astronomy, geology and mathematics courses.
INTERACTIVE SIMULATIONS FOR SCIENCE AND MATH
Nobel Laureate Carl Wieman, the PhET Interactive Simulations project at the University of Colorado Boulder creates free interactive math and science simulations.
R. R. Hake Am. J. Phys. 66, 64–74; 1998
some newcomers to the field are in danger of wasting their enthusiasm on experimental teaching projects that largely repeat what has gone before. “Does someone need to test peer instruction again? No, we know it works and now we’ve moved on to more sophisticated things,”
Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations
Two-factor experiments with interactions
(Taste results: 1=bad, 10=exceptional
A= baking time
B= sugar type)
When the lines are not parallel, this is evidence of interaction:
The effect of sugar type depends on the duration that it is baked for.
Definition of “interaction”:
The effect of one factor depends on the value (or the level) of another factor.
from the MOOC:
Experimentation for Improvement