Hundreds of schools have gone test-optional in recent months

Harvard University Won’t Require SAT, ACT for Admissions Next Year
Hundreds of schools have gone test-optional in recent months, at least for the coming admission cycle; Princeton University remains a holdout in Ivy League
By Melissa Korn
June 15, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/harvard-university-wont-require-sat-act-for-admissions-next-year-11592272825

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Students May Be Able to Take SAT, ACT at Home

Students May Be Able to Take SAT, ACT at Home Due to Coronavirus
College Board will offer monthly test dates, in-school option, while ACT plans for a remote option later this year
By Melissa Korn
April 15, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/students-may-be-able-to-take-sat-act-at-home-due-to-coronavirus-11586971894

Princeton, Northwestern Latest to Not Require SAT, ACT
By Melissa Korn June 19, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/stanford-princeton-northwestern-latest-to-not-require-sat-act-11592505889

Harvard University Won’t Require SAT, ACT for Admissions Next Year
By Melissa Korn June 15, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/harvard-university-wont-require-sat-act-for-admissions-next-year-11592272825

LETTERS: A Lower Admissions Bar Will Help No One
June 7, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-lower-admissions-bar-will-help-no-one-11591562624
As if the admissions process wasn’t already highly subjective and mysterious, the removal of standardized-test scores subjects the process even more to the vagaries and unknowable quotas of the admissions offices.

At-Home SAT Off the Table for This Year, College Board Says
By Melissa Korn June 2, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/at-home-sat-off-the-table-for-this-year-college-board-says-11591134336
The College Board said it won’t pursue plans to offer an at-home version of the SAT this year and warned in-person test dates are already filling up, complicating its efforts to make the exam accessible to rising high school seniors.

THE SATURDAY ESSAY
Will the Pandemic Revolutionize College Admissions?
https://www.wsj.com/articles/will-the-pandemic-revolutionize-college-admissions-11590763879
By Brennan Barnard, Richard Weissbourd and Trisha Ross Anderson May 29, 2020
Lockdowns have disrupted standardized tests and grades, forcing schools to consider a range of other approaches for selecting students.

LETTERS
University of California Drops SAT and ACT
May 28, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/university-of-california-drops-sat-and-act-11590695326
Until the early 1900s, most schools had their own entrance exams.

UPWARD MOBILITY
Scrapping the SAT Won’t Help Black and Latino Students
By Jason L. Riley May 26, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/scrapping-the-sat-wont-help-black-and-latino-students-11590532734
Low-income minorities have more to lose than gain from the woke war on standardized testing.

Lori Loughlin and Husband Plead Guilty in College-Admissions Scandal
By Jennifer Levitz May 22, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/lori-loughlin-and-husband-plead-guilty-in-college-admissions-scandal-11590171217
Television star Lori Loughlin and her husband pleaded guilty to conspiring with a California college counselor in a $500,000 deal to pass off their two daughters as crew-team recruits to get them into USC.

Lori Loughlin to Plead Guilty in College Admissions Scandal
By Melissa Korn May 21, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/lori-loughlin-to-plead-guilty-in-college-admissions-scandal-11590067424
Actress Lori Loughlin and her husband, designer Mossimo Giannulli, agreed to plead guilty to fraud conspiracy charges in connection with their involvement in the college-admissions cheating scandal.

FUTURE VIEW
What Good Is the SAT?
May 19, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/what-good-is-the-sat-11589929874
Students debate whether colleges should drop standardized testing as an admissions requirement.

A.P. Exams in the Coronavirus Era: Online, and Just 15 to 45 Minutes Long
By Melissa Korn May 11, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-p-exams-in-the-coronavirus-era-online-and-just-15-to-45-minutes-long-11589208916
Beginning Monday, hundreds of thousands of high school students sat down and took Advanced Placement exams with the hopes of proving mastery of a range of academic subjects.

Coronavirus Leaves Students and Colleges Playing Waiting Game
By Melissa Korn May 6, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/coronavirus-leaves-students-and-colleges-playing-waiting-game-11588770002
There is a dramatic shift in who has leverage in college admissions because of the coronavirus pandemic. Students are finding new power in a process that long made many feel impotent.

Incoming College Students Could Take Gap Year Over Covid-19 Uncertainty
By Nancy Keates May 5, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/incoming-college-students-could-take-gap-year-over-covid-19-uncertainty-11588687598
With the coronavirus pandemic raising doubts about whether classes will happen on campus, more collegians are exploring alternatives.

FUTURE VIEW
The Case Against Switching to Pass/Fail
April 28, 2020
https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-case-against-switching-to-pass-fail-11588113308
Colleges shouldn’t force students off the letter-grade system during the coronavirus pandemic.
“The pandemic has made studying from home much more difficult. Spotty internet makes connecting to class content frustrating.”

OPINION. COMMENTARY
Generation Zoom Makes Do
https://www.wsj.com/articles/generation-zoom-makes-do-11586882653
“Online school runs smoothly if you have a strong internet connection. But that’s hard to come by in New York City these days, with everyone at home and online.”

https://larepublica.pe/sociedad/2020/07/05/examen-de-admision-san-marcos-2020-postulantes-a-la-unmsm-el-futuro-incierto-de-mas-de-30000-estudiantes

UNMSM
https://elcomercio.pe/lima/sucesos/san-marcos-postulantes-que-no-rindan-examen-virtual-no-perderan-su-derecho-a-inscripcion-unmsm-nndc-noticia
100 preguntas de opción múltiple y respuesta única. La duración será de tres horas

 

Because You Liked Chemistry, …

Because You Liked Chemistry, We Recommend These Classes
December 18, 2013
http://www.npr.org/sections/alltechconsidered/2013/12/18/255298799/because-you-liked-chemistry-we-recommend-these-classes

The same kind of technology that recommends movies on Netflix or purchases on Amazon is now helping students choose college courses.

A new program developed on a campus in Tennessee uses predictive analytics to suggest classes

the outcomes have turned heads, from the White House to Bill Gates, whose foundation pitched in startup funding.

college isn’t about finding the easiest path, but about broadening your horizons and challenging yourself. Denley says, sure — for some.
“But there is a real sense in which academic curiosity is a luxury that lots of people simply cannot afford,” he says.

Desire2Learn, which already works with dozens of universities around the globe, has licensed Degree Compass http://www.d2l.com/products/degree-compass for its profit potential. CEO John Baker won’t say exactly how much he’s charging colleges

Games and Apps, Social Skills, and Schooling

Games And Apps Will Push Social Skills Back To The Center Of Schooling
August 19, 2013
http://www.forbes.com/sites/jordanshapiro/2013/08/19/games-and-apps-will-push-social-skills-back-to-the-center-of-schooling

Games and apps begin to unchain us from the outdated educational conventions of the 20th Century.

During the last century, schools mastered the process of brick and mortar teaching. Students learned to line up against cinderblock walls and follow rigid schedules. The school day mimicked the work day. Children sat in rows and responded to bells. Practically automated like a factory, teachers–expected to act more like foremen than educators–herded kids from classroom to cafeteria, from gym to playground. Skilled teachers were reduced to attendance-takers and grade-stampers. The lines between “schooling,” “conditioning,” and “brainwashing” remained fuzzy and ambivalent.

In 1954 Michel Foucault wrote that “in its education a society dreams of its golden age.” So presumably, at some point the United States envisioned our rich way of living modern life and, perhaps unintentionally, we created a training program to make it a reality.

And one could easily argue that it worked perfectly. Private schools nurtured budding executives. Magnet schools crafted bright kids into middle managers. The rest of the institutions catered to the labor class.
It was a “know-your-place” kind of education. It reinforced a world of haves and have-nots.

“The education system is essentially a socio-economic class system,” said Susan Crown.
Schools teach not only reading, writing, and arithmetic, but also cultural and social behaviors.
The prioritization of cognitive skills, test scores, and easily quantifiable information only veils the even bigger achievement gap in interpersonal and intrapersonal skills.

Michel Foucault also asked, “Is it surprising that prisons resemble factories, schools, barracks, hospitals, which all resemble prisons?”

Foucault wasn’t the only one who noticed. After all, in The Republic, Plato also illustrated how ways of thinking can be confining.
He used the image of prisoners chained in a cave in his discussion of the essence of education.
He wrote about the inherent tensions of schooling, between creating good citizens rather than simply creating good conformists.
Is teaching about igniting the passion that comes from within the individual, or putting in place the social conformity that is a prerequisite for civilization? Both, of course.

see also:
http://www.theatlantic.com/education/archive/2014/09/how-to-make-teachers-more-like-doctors/380643

related:

https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2016/06/24/the-extraordinary-complexity-of-modern-life-1909

Think Faster, Focus Better and Remember More

Think faster, focus better and remember more — Rewiring our brain to stay younger and smarter
Google Tech Talks. June 16, 2008
Dr. Michael M. Merzenich

Professor, University of California at San Francisco June 16, 2008

Neuroplasticity, memory … and human (your) potential

brain plasticity

< 27: we can reverse …

28: every time you specialize …

31:19 Learning problems can be effectively overcome in most children by intensive training that targets brain processing accuracy & speed: THE KEY NEUROLOGICAL SKILLS THAT SUPPORT FACILE LANGUAGE AND READING.

32:45 There is (of course) great variation in the richness of environments, and in the consequent elaboration of the brain machinery of individual children (and adults). Too much is credited to (blamed on) genetics.

A_30_million_word_gap_200833:16 The great disparities in language exposure (of course) powerfully influence a child’s school-house performance in the language and reading (A 30 million word gap). Hart and Risley, 1995.

33:50 differences in the nature of the interactions between the child and the adult: approbations: affirmatives (2:1 vs 1:6)
affirmative: Stop that shit, Billy! Don’t do that, Billy!
approbation: Way to go, Mary! Nice job, Mary!

35:55 going forward, when children enter high school, we know that children from these 2 great divisions in society are going to be about 5 years separated in their reading ability

36:40 Limitations can be overcome in most children, by intensive training that corrects their neurology

Exercises are “game-like” (engaging, fun, rewarding)

37:55 Proficiency in reading: taking the child to 70 percentile (so, 70% of children in American schools aren’t proficient)

Age-related_cognitive_decline_200844:47 Age-related cognitive decline–A pervasive feature of aging Effect of age on various aspects of mental function:
– Vocabulary
– Reasoning
– Spatial visualization
– Episodic memory
– Perceptual speed
[Adapted from Salthouse et al.]

Begins in the 20’s and 30’s; continues throughout life

People in their 70’s are in the bottom 20% relative to people in their 20’s

45:56 Why do we “lose it”, as we growth older? 1. Your brain is older and “noisier” … 3. You rely too much on abstraction …

Auditory_speed_of_processing_200851:02 Old brains slow down. Changes in auditory processing speed vs. age, in the “normal” population.

Auditory speed of processing

brain_adjustment_of_sampling_rate_200851:41 Consequences of your brain making a necessary downward adjustment of its “sampling rate”:
1. Error-prone (“sparse”) signal reception
2. Noise-sensitive signal recognition
3. Degraded syntactic (predictive) control
4. Widespread memory (cognitive) deficits
5. Reduced processing efficiency
6. Lower learning rates

training_generalizes_to_memory_and_everyday_cognition_200852:51 OUTCOME (Mayo Clinic: USC RCT ITT Trial) BFP results:
1. Training improves directly trained tasks
2. Which generalize to untrained measures of memory
3. Which generalize to everyday cognition function & Quality of life

52:55 What is the magnitude of this improvement? Cognitive ability in older individuals by this training takes about 40 hours. Translates to improvement of your overall cognitive performance by about 11 years.

Ball et. al., JAMA (2002)

Willis et. al. JAMA (2006)

Wolinsky et. al., Journal of Gerontology (2006a, b)

Edwards et. al., Gerontology (2002)

Edwards et. al. Aging & Mental Health (2005)

Renker et. al. Human Factors (2003)

brain fitness in adult life

For more information:

learn a foreign language

1:10:00 deep thinking

intensive, progressive, directed training

1:19:30 It’s all abstraction; there’s nothing real about the activities in your brain, in the sense it’s all symbolic

1:21:00 brain fitness

The only way you actually change your brain is when it’s serious to the brain itself. … It has to really matter to the brain. … focus of your attention … you would interpret under which motivation …

as long as you work on the cutting edge, as long as it matters …

=================

Memory enhancement in healthy older adults using a brain plasticity-based training program: A randomized, controlled study
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 2006 Aug 15;103(33):12523-8.
Henry W. Mahncke, … and Michael M. Merzenich
http://www.pnas.org/content/103/33/12523.long

How To Lean In Without Burning Out: Vanessa Loder
TEDxFiDiWomen
December 11, 2013
guided visualization

Is America Still The ‘Land Of Opportunity?’

Is America Still The ‘Land Of Opportunity?’
July 01, 2013
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=197621950

Is the old saying still true? Can you work your way up from the bottom today, to become an innovator and a leader? Host Michel Martin explores the skills you need to compete and succeed in school and beyond.

Guests:

Shirley Ann Jackson, she’s president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. She’s a theoretical physicist. She also happens to be the first African-American woman to lead a top-50 research university.

Joel Klein is a former chancellor of the New York City Department of Education. He’s now the CEO of Amplify, the education division of News Corp.

Madeline Levine is a psychologist and author of “Teach Your Children Well: Parenting for Authentic Success.”

Paul Tough is a writer who’s been focusing on education for some time now. His latest book, “How Children Succeed,” is just out in paperback.
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2012/12/30/how-children-succeed-book

KLEIN: right now, increasingly, what you see is less and less mobility at the top colleges. You see fewer and fewer kids who grew up in poverty who are getting into those schools and those programs.

MARTIN: Antonio Villaraigosa said that the civil rights issue of our time is this issue of the achievement gap. It’s the democracy issue of our time. … If you want to be able to compete in the new economy, you have to have intellectual capital.

JACKSON: we get the product of the, primarily, the public school system, and there are issues with what we get,  … those things can range from how deep the knowledge is to what the maturity level of the young people turns out to be.

TOUGH: we’ve been focused very much in our school system and, I think, in many of our families on cognitive skills, on the sort of skills that get measured on standardized tests.
And as Shirley Ann is pointing out, those matter a lot when kids get to college, but they’re not all that matters.

There’s also this other set of skills that economists called non-cognitive skills, things like grit and perseverance, conscientiousness, optimism that matter a lot, especially at the college level.

LEVINE: At Stanford we just did a study, 95 percent of kids are cheating. It’s well-known.

KLEIN: as Paul has pointed out, they don’t have the grit, the determination, the stick-to-itiveness to grow.

JACKSON: it also would help to delineate where peoples’ skills and intelligences really are.
And there are multiple intelligences.

LEVINE: I think we need socioemotional learning in every classroom – Chicago’s doing a good job of integrating it – which means that, not as a separate course, but as part of how everything is taught.

KLEIN: Every place but education has gone through a technological revolution, and education is sitting still*. And I think the opportunities to empower our teachers, change the learning process, engage kids – I’ve seen it with the work we’re doing at Amplify, and I’ve been in schools that are using these products and how excited they are.

You want to get kids working together, give them the kind of quests we put them on.
Figure out in groups who killed Edgar Allen Poe and why.

* April 15, 2013
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2013/06/23/teaching-is-complex-work-that-is-difficult-to-rationalize-from-afar

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http://www.npr.org/sections/ed/2015/05/28/404684712/non-academic-skills-are-key-to-success-but-what-should-we-call-them

noncognitive123