Conway’s Game of Life

Conway’s Game of Life
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conway’s_Game_of_Life

cellular automaton

cited by:
Principles of Computing (Part 2)
Rice University
https://class.coursera.org/principlescomputing2-004

Stop writing classes
PyCon 2012

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Emergence (process)

Emergence
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emergence
[philosophy, systems theory, science, and art] a process whereby larger entities, patterns, and regularities arise through interactions among smaller or simpler entities that themselves do not exhibit such properties

“emergence” would have clarified–even made redundant–the discussion:
http://www.npr.org/blogs/13.7/2015/01/16/377631652/making-a-brain-map-that-we-can-use

Emergence and Complexity
Stanford. May 21, 2010
Robert Sapolsky
cellular automaton

butterfly effects

gradients of information
gradients of attraction and repulsion
gradients provide a lot of the optimization in the systems
neighbor-to-neighbor interactions
generalists work better in these systems than specialists
bottom-up systems
attractors and chaos

more:
http://www.npr.org/sections/pictureshow/2010/01/crayons_and_choice_a_headache.html