Memory is a mess

Tip-of-Tongue Moments Reveal Brain’s Organization
June 07, 2008
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=91284151

Bennett Schwartz is a psychology professor at Florida International University.
In a tip-of-the-tongue state a part of our cognitive system called metacognition lets us know that even though we can’t retrieve something at the moment it’s probably there stored on our memory, and if we work at it we’ll get it.

Prof. SCHWARTZ: Memory is a mess. Information is stored in all different kinds of the brain – visual information is stored in visual parts of the brain; auditory information is stored in auditory parts of the brain. And the goal of the memory retrieval system is to bring us all together.

SEABROOK: So, you’re saying that instead of, like, a filing cabinet, our brain is a big mess. It’s just everything’s all over the place.

Prof. SCHWARTZ: A teenager’s bedroom: they know where everything is but it’s a complete mess.

For the typical 20-year-old may experience a tip-of-the-tongue state maybe once a week but by the time you’re about 60 or 70 you’re experiencing six or seven a week or about one a day.
Exactly why has been a topic of some controversy within the field.

Some have argued that as we age our associations and connections in memory between items starts to wear down.
Whereas others have argued that what really causes tip-of-the-tongue states are that older adults know more. And since they know more they have a greater amount of information for which to have a tip-of-the-tongue state for.

related article:
Scientists Changing Theories About Memory
June 04, 2008
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=91142967

The Knowledge Revolution Is Not About Big Data, It’s About Well-Connected Little Data

The Knowledge Revolution Is Not About Big Data, It’s About Well-Connected Little Data
9/30/2012
http://www.forbes.com/sites/anthonykosner/2012/09/30/the-knowledge-revolution-is-not-about-big-data-its-about-well-connected-little-data

http://expertmaker.com

the tools that already exist to create value from their own knowledge

Lars Hård building knowledge design tools

Expertmaker assumes that we know something that it can help us understand better.

Tools like Expertmaker will help us with what Rheingold refers to as “metacognition,” our awareness of our own thought.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computerized_adaptive_testing

http://www.reasoningmind.org
guided by powerful artificial intelligence that adjusts to each student based on his or her own needs.
http://www.reasoningmind.org/?mv=14&view=current&id=208

http://www.worldwidewebsize.com

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Metacognition in Mammals—and Machines
Scientific American Mind 25, 35 (2014)
14 August 2014
Stephen M. Fleming
http://www.nature.com/scientificamericanmind/journal/v25/n5/full/scientificamericanmind0914-35.html

metacognition123