Reasoning, decision making and rationality (1993)

Reasoning, decision making and rationality.
Cognition. 1993 Oct-Nov;49(1-2):165-87.
Evans JS, Over DE, Manktelow KI.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8287673

cited by:
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2013/05/13/why-tech-assessments-can-go-awry

https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2017/06/01/human-rationality-and-the-psychology-of-reasoning-2001

instance?
http://betterlivingthroughbeowulf.com/murakamis-blandness-as-emotional-shield
“homeostasis”—the surgical term for a body that is self-sufficient, not in danger, and at rest. Homeostasis, of course, is not in itself desirable or undesirable; it’s simply the condition in which a human being can survive. It’s not interesting.

Advertisements

Human rationality and the psychology of reasoning (2001)

Human rationality and the psychology of reasoning: Where do we go from here?
British Journal of Psychology (2001), 92, 193–216
Nick Chater, Mike Oaksford

checking the veracity of a story in one copy of a newspaper by looking in another copy (to take an example from Wittgenstein (1953)

If we cast the rationality of human reasoning into doubt, then we risk undermining the very reasoning that went into drawing this conclusion

citations:
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2017/06/01/reasoning-decision-making-and-rationality-1993

Thinking with External Representations

4. Thinking with External Representations
Autor: David Kirsh
Verlag: Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in: Cognition Beyond the Brain, 2017
https://www.springerprofessional.de/thinking-with-external-representations/12181368

Why do people create extra representations to help them make sense of situations, diagrams, illustrations, instructions and problems? The obvious explanation—external representations save internal memory and computation —is only part of the story. I discuss seven ways external representations enhance cognitive power: …

Single-Tasking Makes You Smarter (2014)

Flex your cortex — 7 secrets to turbocharge your brain
TEDxBayArea
December 2014

Why Single-Tasking Makes You Smarter
By Sandra Bond Chapman, Ph.D.
Forbes. May 8, 2013
http://www.forbes.com/sites/nextavenue/2013/05/08/why-single-tasking-makes-you-smarter

Multitasking is a brain drain that exhausts the mind, zaps cognitive resources and, if left unchecked, condemns us to early mental decline and decreased sharpness. Chronic multitaskers also have increased levels of cortisol, the stress hormone, which can damage the memory region of the brain.

… the immediate satisfaction of beeps, dings and buzzes. Each creates an addicting release of dopamine in the brain, which perpetuates the need for speed and ceaseless stimulation, making the cycle more difficult to break.

3 Steps to Single-Tasking:

  • Give your brain some down time.
  • Focus deeply, without distraction.
  • Make a to-do list. Then identify your top two priorities for the day and make sure they are accomplished above all else.

related:

http://books.simonandschuster.com/Make-Your-Brain-Smarter/Sandra-Bond-Chapman-Ph-D/9781451665482

Make Your Brain Smarter (book)
http://makeyourbrainsmarter.com