How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds (2017)

How Smartphones Hijack Our Minds
By Nicholas Carr
Oct. 6, 2017

“The mere presence of mobile phones,” the researchers reported in 2013 in the Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, “inhibited the development of interpersonal closeness and trust”

Scientists have long known that the brain is a monitoring system as well as a thinking system. Its attention is drawn toward any object that is new, intriguing or otherwise striking—that has, in the psychological jargon, “salience.” Media and communications devices, from telephones to TV sets, have always tapped into this instinct. … By design, they grab and hold our attention in ways natural objects never could.

Phone makers … and app writers like Facebook and Google design their products to consume as much of our attention as possible during every one of our waking hours


How language shapes the way we think

How language shapes the way we think
Lera Boroditsky
May 2, 2018

Cognitive scientist Lera Boroditsky shares examples of language — from an Aboriginal community in Australia that uses cardinal directions instead of left and right to the multiple words for blue in Russian.
“The beauty of linguistic diversity is that it reveals to us just how ingenious and how flexible the human mind is,” Boroditsky says.
“Human minds have invented not one cognitive universe, but 7,000.”


Daniel Dennett on Tools To Transform Our Thinking (2013)

Daniel Dennett on Tools To Transform Our Thinking
22nd May 2013

<43 glia computes

45:15 I'm sure there will always be things we will never understand

1:06:45 Behavioral Brain Sciences
Hugo Mercier & Dan Sperber
flaws on our reasoning
We're better at detecting the flaws at an opponent than at our own case
opponent process

1:16:25 Will our thinking be different, compared to the Greeks?
Yes, it's very clear that our thinking today is different than the ancient Greeks. …

Reasoning, decision making and rationality (1993)

Reasoning, decision making and rationality.
Cognition. 1993 Oct-Nov;49(1-2):165-87.
Evans JS, Over DE, Manktelow KI.

cited by:

“homeostasis”—the surgical term for a body that is self-sufficient, not in danger, and at rest. Homeostasis, of course, is not in itself desirable or undesirable; it’s simply the condition in which a human being can survive. It’s not interesting.

Human rationality and the psychology of reasoning (2001)

Human rationality and the psychology of reasoning: Where do we go from here?
British Journal of Psychology (2001), 92, 193–216
Nick Chater, Mike Oaksford

checking the veracity of a story in one copy of a newspaper by looking in another copy (to take an example from Wittgenstein (1953)

If we cast the rationality of human reasoning into doubt, then we risk undermining the very reasoning that went into drawing this conclusion


Clarity beats accuracy

Quantum Physics for 7 Year Olds
Dominic Walliman
May 24, 2016
In this lighthearted talk Dominic Walliman gives us four guiding principles for easy science communication and unravels the myth that quantum physics is difficult to understand, it’s all in how it’s explained.

1. Start off in the right place. Everyone has a different background, everyone has a different set of knowledge …
2. Don’t go too far down the rabbit hole.
3. Clarity beats accuracy

4. Explain what you think is cool


Dark and difficult times lie ahead. Soon we must all face the choice between what is right and what is easy.
A. P. W. B. Dumbledore
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire

Thinking with External Representations

4. Thinking with External Representations
Autor: David Kirsh
Verlag: Springer International Publishing
Erschienen in: Cognition Beyond the Brain, 2017

Why do people create extra representations to help them make sense of situations, diagrams, illustrations, instructions and problems? The obvious explanation—external representations save internal memory and computation —is only part of the story. I discuss seven ways external representations enhance cognitive power: …


How drawing helps you think

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