Proofing. Over-proved dough. Under-proved dough.

How to tell when your bread dough is done proofing and ready for the oven
3 September 2016
Written By Hanna Ibraheem
http://www.goodhousekeeping.co.uk/food/how-to-tell-if-bread-dough-under-proved-over-proved

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wnxn_7bjlNk
overproofing, so that the gluten structure can’t hold the gases any longer and collapses.
To see if it’s properly proofed, press it with your finger.. the dough shoud spring back up slowly, leaving a small dent.
If overproofed, the dough won’t spring back up; underproofed, it’ll spring back fully and more quickly.
Another possibility is under- or overkneading, so that the gluten structure wasn’t well developed to begin with.
The dough (= the gluten inside the dough) should be stretchy, able to resist tears when pulled and spring back up when pressed.
At this stage it shouldn’t be sticky anymore either.

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Baker’s yeast

Yeast Choices – Cutting Through the Confusion
BecomeABetterBaker
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8JhDNeH_x6eTI_APZJJ57g

How to proof Fleischmann’s ActiveDry™ yeast
warm water: 100° – 110°

Proofing yeast
http://www.tasteofhome.com/cooking-tips/breads—rolls/proofing-yeast
one package of yeast and 1 teaspoon sugar in 1/4 cup warm water (110° to 115°)

Using Fleischmann’s RapidRise™ yeast
BecomeABetterBaker
https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC8JhDNeH_x6eTI_APZJJ57g