Motion rendition

How to Take Pictures of Water Using Long Exposures
By Bill Fortney

  • Set the ISO to the lowest possible speed—usually ISO 200 or Low 1.0.
  • Set the camera on A for Aperture Priority Automatic. Set the aperture to a small opening like f/22 or f/16—the camera will automatically set a shutter speed. The best shutter speeds seem to be between two and eight seconds
  • Attach an electronic cable release so the camera can be fired without shaking the entire rig.

Photoshop Elements

Photoshop Elements: Supported File Formats

Photoshop Elements 11 and later > File formats supported for importing:
Camera Raw

Camera Raw-compatible Adobe applications
Photoshop Elements 11: Camera Raw 7.1 – 7.4
To edit D810 Raw files in Elements 12 you’ll have to download the free Adobe DNG converter, convert all Raw files to DNG format then edit the DNGs in Elements 12

Digital Negative (DNG)

Film Speed

ISO 6:1993 method of determining film speed for black-and-white film.

Film Speed

Determining film speed
Film speed is found from a plot of optical density vs. log of exposure for the film, known as the D–log H curve or Hurter–Driffield curve.

Four variables are available to the photographer to obtain the desired effect: lighting, film speed, f-number (aperture size), and shutter speed (exposure time).

Digital cameras have far surpassed film in terms of sensitivity to light, with ISO equivalent speeds of up to 409,600, a number that is unfathomable in the realm of conventional film photography. Faster processors, as well as advances in software noise reduction techniques allow this type of processing to be executed the moment the photo is captured, allowing photographers to store images that have a higher level of refinement and would have been prohibitively time consuming to process with earlier generations of digital camera hardware.

Nikon D810A (June 2015)> ISO Sensitivity ISO 200 – 12,800
Lo-1 (ISO 100)
Hi-1 (ISO 25,600)
Hi-2 (ISO 51,200)

Photography glossary