Motivated reasoning

Why “scout mindset” is crucial to good judgment
Julia Galef
TEDxPSU
Apr 4, 2016

tribalism

What makes a scout?
Being curious.
Being open.
Being grounded.

intrigued instead of defensive

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Motivated reasoning
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Motivated_reasoning

Multiple Entry Points (Van de Walle, 2006)

Differentiation Using Multiple Entry Points

Van de Walle (2006) recommends using multiple entry points, so that all students are able to gain access to a given concept. These entry points are based on the five representations, which are considered to be tangible ways of representing knowledge.

  • concrete – materials are used to model a concept
  • contextual – situations to engage student interest
  • pictorial – diagrams represent a problem or record understanding
  • verbal – students talk and write about their learning
  • symbolic – students use symbols to record understanding

Teaching Student-Centered Mathematics: Grades 5-8.
Van De Walle, John A., and Louann H. Lovin.
Boston, USA: Pearson Education Inc, 2005.

related:
https://franzcalvo.wordpress.com/2017/10/28/jungian-type-and-mathematics

The Halo Effect

Psychology: The Halo Effect – How our Decisions can be Influenced by Radiant Beauty (part 1)
http://www.LearningPsychology.net
Nov 17, 2015

The Halo Effect – Science of Attraction
Scienceofattraction
Nov 4, 2010

Low-Sodium Food Labels Woo, And Confuse, Consumers
April 16, 2013
http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2013/04/15/177336196/low-sodium-food-labels-woo-and-confuse-consumers

…any claim about sodium, preventing disease or lowering blood pressure made the product more appealing.

When asked about a variety of health issues, including losing weight, constipation, and diabetes, participants in the survey said that lower-sodium products would prevent all of them.
Alas, reducing sodium helps only to reduce blood pressure.

“What we saw there was a halo effect [with the low-sodium claim],” says Christina Wong, a graduate student and lead author of the study, which was published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
“They see a whole range of health benefits that are totally unrelated to the nutrient.”

related:

http://www.psychologicalscience.org/onlyhuman/2009/10/sneezing-at-health-care-reform.cfm
A sneeze can remind us to wash our hands and schedule our inoculations—probably more effectively than a lecture.

Pygmalion (1938)

Pygmalion (1938)

The Pygmalion Effect and the Power of Positive Expectations
HeroicImaginationTV
Sep 25, 2011

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pygmalion_effect

Pygmalion Effect: Managing the Power of Expectations, 3rd Ed
CRM Learning
Jul 7, 2008

http://edglossary.org/high-expectations

Positive Expectations at Work
University of Colorado Boulder
Feb 3, 2020

Discover how to improve your feedback skills so you can deliver feedback to your employees with confidence in CU on Coursera’s Giving Helpful Feedback course. Learn more at
https://www.colorado.edu/oai/giving-helpful-feedback