Scientific idioms

Desert Locust Glossary
http://www.fao.org/faoterm/collection/desert-locust/en/

acceptable daily intake (ADI)
The amount of a chemical which can be consumed daily for the lifetime of an individual with no ill-effects.

action threshold
The pest density at which a control tactic must be implemented to avoid an economic loss.

adiabatic lapse rate
The rate of decrease of temperature experienced by a parcel of air moves up through the atmosphere under restriction that it can not exchange heat with its environment. Wet and dry adiabatic lapse rate are used in meteorological studies related to locust flight and rainfall.

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Always listening to the customer’s (virtual) needs: Social Media Monitoring tools and the creation of ‘authoritative’ knowledge in marketing
Shamil Zainuddin
…the use of scientific idioms to present conclusions from online data can be seen as a way to lend legitimacy and authority to this type of research.
in:
The Co-Production of Knowledge – University of York
https://www.york.ac.uk/media/satsu/events-docs-images-media/publication.pdf
Jul 18, 2012
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Knowing Qualia: A Reply to Jackson
Paul M. Churchland (in A Neurocomputational Perspective, MIT Press, 1989)
faculty.arts.ubc.ca/maydede/mind/Churchland_ReplyToJackson.pdf
While the approach is well motivated, this binary distinction in types of knowledge barely begins to suggest the range and variety of different sites and types of internal representation to be found in a normal brain. There is no reason why we must be bound by the crude divisions of our pre scientific idioms when we attempt to give a precise and positive explication of

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A process of purification and an utter obfuscation of the role of human decision makers by casting policy processes largely in scientific idioms (p.12) are part of the mechanisms by which the view from nowhere is instantiated.

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http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/09/unusual-relic-language-comes-small-group-farmers-isolated-thousands-years
Of course idioms reflect culture and so those diverge widely.

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J Cogn Neurosci. 2010 Aug;22(8):1682-700. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2009.21293.
Predictive mechanisms in idiom comprehension.
Vespignani F1, Canal P, Molinaro N, Fonda S, Cacciari C.
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19580384

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Steven Pinker on his sense of style
The Harvard psychologist offers a writing guide based on how the mind works.
Gareth Cook
01 October 2014
http://www.nature.com/news/steven-pinker-on-his-sense-of-style-1.16052
my earlier research on irregularity reminded me how much in language is arbitrary and illogical and must be acquired not by logic or rule but by brute-force memorization — spelling and punctuation being prime examples.
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Systems Biology Graphical Notation: Entity Relationship language Level 1
Nature Precedings. 2010
http://precedings.nature.com/documents/3719/version/2
The Systems Biology Graphical Notation (SBGN) is a graphical representation crafted over several years by a community of biochemists, modellers and computer scientists.
Three orthogonal and complementary languages have been created, the Process Descriptions, the Entity Relationships and the Activity Flows.
Using these three idioms a scientist can represent any network of biochemical interactions, which can then be interpreted in an unambiguous way.

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v496/n7446/full/496424a.html
lexical precision … is illusory

.
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2016/05/10/these-idioms-crumble-under-the-weight-of-scientific-scrutiny

.
http://www.nature.com/nrrheum/journal/v2/n5/full/ncprheum0170.html

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