The code is more or less a black box

code_is_black_boxState-of-the-Art AI: Building Tomorrow’s Intelligent Systems
Peter Norvig, Director of Research, Google
EmTech Digital 2016. May 23, 2016

01:51 the code is more or less a black box, but you can look more carefully at it and figure out what is going on there with some degree


ML is 99% human work

machine_learning_2016AI for the Common Good
Oren Etzioni, Chief Executive Officer, Allen Institute for Artificial Intelligence
EmTech Digital 2016. May 23, 2016

Machine learning is 99% human work
Deep learning inputs:
– target concept
– algorithm
– neural network design
– labeled data

Why Big Tech pays poor Kenyans to teach self-driving cars
Dave Lee
3 November 2018


Science education: Spare me the lecture
Nature 425, 234-236 (18 September 2003)

Evidence of this failure is provided by assessments such as the Force Concept Inventory (FCI), a multiple-choice test designed to examine students’ understanding of Newton’s laws of mechanics.

Peer Instruction: Ten Years of Experience and Results.
Catherine H. Crouch and Eric Mazur.
Am. J. Phys., 69, 970-977 (2001).

sets of qualitative exam questions that rely on understanding a concept rather than simply using physical formulae. His methods have been adopted by physics teachers around the United States and have also been adapted for chemistry, astronomy, geology and mathematics courses.

Nobel Laureate Carl Wieman, the PhET Interactive Simulations project at the University of Colorado Boulder creates free interactive math and science simulations.

R. R. Hake Am. J. Phys. 66, 64–74; 1998

some newcomers to the field are in danger of wasting their enthusiasm on experimental teaching projects that largely repeat what has gone before. “Does someone need to test peer instruction again? No, we know it works and now we’ve moved on to more sophisticated things,”


Learning Science Through Computer Games and Simulations

Education as a force of convergence

Education as a force of convergence

1:19 if you have dissemination of knowledge, and if knowledge work becomes more and more and more valuable … then maybe labor has more leverage here.

4:58 it seems that we are in an age where labor is going to become more and more valuable. But not just commodity labor but hightly, highly, highly skilled labor.

10:10 Most people, if we can get education to be good enough, can now participate in these really high value jobs, where labor has a lot more leverage, where the returns to labor are larger than the returns to capital.

11:06 Star Trek reality

Gilded Age

Rise Of The New American Barons
August 10, 2013’s Jeff Bezos bought The Washington Post; Google’s Sergey Brin backed the creation of a lab-grown beef burger.
Then there’s Richard Branson and his commercial space flights, and Oracle CEO Larry Ellison’s win in the America’s Cup

… driven by passion. They think of themselves as being invincible. They will not accept naysayers’ thoughts as obstacles that they can’t overcome. And they all had vision. They all had enormous work ethic. They were very sure of themselves, very confident in their abilities.