Causality in Thought (2014)

Causality in Thought.
Annu Rev Psychol. 2014 Jul 21.
Sloman SA, Lagnado D.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25061673

Causal knowledge plays a crucial role in human thought, but the nature of causal representation and inference remains a puzzle.
Can human causal inference be captured by relations of probabilistic dependency, or does it draw on richer forms of representation?

This article explores this question by reviewing research in reasoning, decision making, various forms of judgment, and attribution.
We endorse causal Bayesian networks as the best normative framework and as a productive guide to theory building.

However, it is incomplete as an account of causal thinking.
On the basis of a range of experimental work, we identify three hallmarks of causal reasoning-the role of mechanism, narrative, and mental simulation-all of which go beyond mere probabilistic knowledge.
We propose that the hallmarks are closely related.
Mental simulations are representations over time of mechanisms.
When multiple actors are involved, these simulations are aggregated into narratives.
http://www.annualreviews.org/catalog/pubdates.aspx

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s